75 Years of Independence Celebration: Fashionable India is an epitome of Scientific and Technological Growth and is among the key components for financial development. Put up 15th August 1947, India’s journey has grow to be an ideal instance of a formidable development story. As claimed by the Indian Model Fairness Basis, India is among the many topmost international locations on the planet within the area of scientific analysis and has been positioned as one of many high 5 nations within the area of area exploration. India has constantly undertaken area missions, together with missions to the moon and the famed Polar Satellite tv for pc Launch Automobile (PSLV). India additionally ranks third among the many most tasty funding locations for expertise transactions on the planet.
Know 75 Years of India’s Independence Journey together with Main Achievements
75 Years of India’s Independence: Main Scientific & Technological Developments
Our First Prime Minister, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru stated “Science will not be merely a person’s seek for fact; it’s one thing infinitely greater than that if it really works for the group”. He made efforts to transform India’s financial system into that of a contemporary state and to suit her into the nuclear age and do it shortly. As India is celebrating the 75th anniversary of its independence, let’s look what have been the most important Scientific & Technological developments throughout this era:
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Growth of Agricultural Know-how
As per the official information, the agriculture sector types solely about 18% of India’s GDP and employs virtually 65% of the full workforce. Know-how performs an essential function within the agriculture and sustainable improvement of India. Superior expertise helps in growing and bettering many areas of agriculture, corresponding to fertilizers, pesticides, seed expertise, and so on. Let’s have a look at among the main milestones of Agriculture Technological Growth in India Put up-Independence:
The Inexperienced Revolution was an endeavor initiated by Norman Borlaug within the Sixties. He is named the ‘Father of Inexperienced Revolution on the planet. It led to him profitable the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 for his work in growing Excessive Yielding Varieties (HYVs) of wheat.
Operation Flood, launched on 13 January 1970, was the world’s largest dairy improvement program and a landmark venture of India’s Nationwide Dairy Growth Board.
Growth of Defence Know-how
Dr. Homi Bhabha has performed a serious Function within the Growth of Defence Know-how in India after Independence. India has been attacked many instances by its neighbors. India has confronted many wars together with Indo China Conflict and Indo-Pakistan Conflict and has additionally gained many battles. Let’s have a look at among the main milestones of Defence Technological Growth in India Put up-Independence:
The Defence Analysis and Growth Organisation (DRDO) was arrange in 1958 to safe the borders of India with extra superior Defence Know-how. Since then, DRDO has developed a number of massive applications and important expertise, together with plane, small and enormous arms, artillery methods, digital warfare (EW) methods, tanks, and armored automobiles, sonar methods, command and management methods, and missile methods.
1989: Agni Missile was efficiently launched
Agni-I used to be first examined on the Interim Take a look at Vary in Chandipur at 7:17 AM on 22 Might 1989 and was able to carrying a standard payload of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) or a nuclear warhead. Agni missiles consist of 1 (quick vary) or two phases (intermediate-range).
1998: India carried out Pokhran-II assessments
On 11 and 13 Might 1998, twenty-four years after Pokhran-I, the Indian Defence Analysis and Growth Organisation (DRDO) and Atomic Vitality Fee (AEC) carried out 5 additional nuclear assessments, dubbed “Pokhran-II”, on the Pokhran vary. The chief scientific adviser and the Director of Defence Analysis and Growth Organisation (DRDO), Dr. Abdul Kalam, and Dr. R. Chidambaram, the Director of the Division of Atomic Vitality (DAE), have been the chief coordinators of this take a look at planning.
Growth of Area Know-how
India has initiated some main area analysis applications beneath the imaginative and prescient of some nice scientists and leaders like C.V Raman, Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam, and so on. Let’s have a look at among the main milestones of Area Technological Growth in India Put up-Independence:
1963: India’s first-ever rocket launch
The launch of the primary sounding rocket from Thumba close to Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala on 21 November 1963, marked the start of the Indian Area Programme. Sounding rockets made it potential to probe the ambiance in situ utilizing rocket-borne instrumentation. This was the primary milestone in trendy India’s area odyssey. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai and his then confederate Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam have been the brainchild of this achievement.
1975: First Satellite tv for pc Aryabhata launched
Aryabhatta, the primary Indian satellite tv for pc, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1975. The Aryabhata spacecraft, named after the well-known Indian astronomer, was India’s first satellite tv for pc; it was fully designed and fabricated in India and launched by a Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket from Kapustin Yar on April 19, 1975.
1969: Formation of Indian Area Analysis Organisation (ISRO)
ISRO was fashioned in 1969 with a imaginative and prescient to develop and harness area expertise in nationwide improvement whereas pursuing planetary exploration and area science analysis. ISRO changed its predecessor, INCOSPAR (Indian Nationwide Committee for Area Analysis), established in 1962 by India’s first Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and scientist Vikram Sarabhai, are thought of among the many founding fathers of the Indian area program.
2008: Chandrayaan-1 launch
Chandrayaan-1 was the primary Indian lunar probe beneath the Chandrayaan program which was launched by the Indian Area Analysis Organisation (ISRO) on October 22, 2008. The mission was a serious increase to India’s area program, as our nation researched and developed its personal expertise to discover the Moon.
2013: Mangalyaan launched
The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), additionally known as Mangalyaan, is an area probe orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Area Analysis Organisation.
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The journey highlights India’s growth starting from agricultural manufacturing to nuclear and area expertise, from inexpensive well being care to world-class academic establishments, from Ayurveda to biotechnology, from large metal vegetation to turning into an IT energy, and having the third-largest start-up ecosystem on the planet.